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Citation Styles

Using These Examples

The examples provided are the most commonly cited types of sources such as books, articles in journals, magazines & newspapers, and miscellaneous sources including conferences, web pages, media & other electronic resources.


No Author or Editor - Reference Book :
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA:  Merriam-Webster.

One Author:
Stot, J. C. (1995).  Native Americans in children's literature. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press.

Two Authors:
Druin, A., & Solomon, C. (1996). Designing multimedia environments for children. New York, NY: J. Wiley & Sons.

Subsequent Edition:
Bace, L., & Cervantes, H. T. (2004). The bilingual special education interface (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N. J.: Merrill Prentice


Edited Book:
Dunlap, L. L. (Ed.). (1997).  An introduction to early childhood special education.  Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Chapter in an Edited Book:
Greenberg, S. (1998). Collaborative interfaces for the web. In C. Forsythe & E. Grose (Eds.), Human factors and web development

(pp. 241-253). Mahweh, NJ: Erlbaum.

Electronic Book:
McCarver, P.L. (2001). History of New England honey bees.  Retrieved from

Corporate Author:
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. (2009).  Beyond boundaries: A year in review, 2008. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.


Journals, Magazines and Newspapers

Magazine, No Author, from a Printed Source:
Unsnarling the I-way traffic jams. (1998, January 12). Business Week, p. 87.

Magazine from a Printed Source:
Sachs, A. (2010, March 8). The untold war: Inside the hearts, minds, and souls of our soldiers. Time, 175(9), 18.

Online Magazine Article:
Bower, B. (2008, Feb. 9). Dawn of the city: Excavations prompt a revolution in thinking about the earliest cities. Science News,

173(6), 90-92. Retrieved from

Journal Article from a Printed Source:
Gallegos, B., & Rillero, P. (1996). Bibliographic database competencies for preservice teachers. Journal of Technology and Teacher

Education, 4(3/4), 231-246.

Journal Article with 8 or More Authors [also with doi]:
Witek, M., Węglarz, W. P., de Jong, L., van Dalen, G., Blonk, J. C. G., Heussen, P.,Van Duynhoven, J. (2010). The structural and

hydration properties of heat-treated rice studied at multiple length scales. Food Chemistry, 120(4), 1031-1040.

doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.11.043

Online Journal Article with DOI:
Humphrey, M., & Hourcade, J. J. (2010). Special educators and mathematics phobia: An initial qualitative investigation. Clearing

House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, 83(1), 26-30. doi: 10.1080/00098650903267743

Online Journal Article without DOI:
Villarreal, M. A. (2006). Finding our place: Reconstructing community through oral history.The Oral History Review, 33(2), 45-64.

Retrieved from

Online Newspaper Article :
Newton, C. (2010, Feb. 15). Driving-while-texting ban advances Senate. The Arizona Republic.

Retrieved from

Newspaper from Print Source:
Pearson, S. L. (1997, June 5). Why Johnny can't play. The Arizona Republic, p. HL1.

Other Types of Sources

ERIC Document:
Di Fatta, J., Garcia, S., & Gorman, S. (2009). Increasing student learning in mathematics with the use of collaborative teaching

strategies. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED504828).

Conference Paper
Gallegos, B., Allgood, T.,  &  Gondin, K. (2007, May). Quarantined: The Fletcher Library Game Project.  Paper presented at the

national conference of LOEX, San Diego.

Conference Proceedings
Gallegos, B., Allgood, T., Grondin, K. (2009). Quarantined: The Fletcher Library Game Project. In Sietz, B. & Valko, T. (Eds.).

Uncharted Waters: Tapping the Depths of Our Community to Enchance Learning. Thirty-fifth National LOEX Library

Instruction Conference Proceedings, San Diego, CA, May 3-5, 2007. (pp. 133-138). Ypsilanti. MI: LOEX Press.

Scorsese, M. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Writer/Director). (2000). You can count on me [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount


Hancock, M. (Producer/Director). (2008?). Imaging possibilities for public education [DVD]. Derry, NH: Chip Taylor Communications.

Music Recording:
Jackson, M. (1982).  Beat it. On Thriller [CD]. New York: Sony Music.

Entire Website:
If citing the entire website no entry is required in Reference List if you put the web address in the text of your paper:

The website Learn Spanish has a free translator, and tutorials to help you learn to speak and write Spanish.


Personal Communication (e.g. email, interview etc.):
Personal communications are not included in the Reference List but should be cited within the text of the paper: (S. Johnson,

personal communication, March 1, 2010).